Trade-offs between climate change adaptation and mitigation objectives for forests in south-western Germany

Quelle: Forstarchiv 87; 2, 60-61 (2016)
Autor(en): SAHA S, BAUHUS J

Kurzbeiträge: German forests currently have historically high carbon stocks (Forest Europe 2015). Yet, there have been strong demands to store more carbon in forests from government and non-governmental organizations. At the same time, it is generally agreed that the species and structural diversity of forests should be increased to improve their resistance, resilience and adaptability in the face of climate change. This should help to maintain native biodiversity and provision of goods and services (e.g. timber, biomass as source of renewable energy) from forests. However, these different goals, mitigation of climate change through forests and adaptation of forests to climate change, may not always be compatible. Important trade-offs may exist, if the conditions that maximize carbon stores or sequestration do not support high levels of species and structural diversity (D’Amato et al. 2011). However, such trade-offs have never been quantified for German forests. Here we aim to quantify trade-offs between climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies for forests in Baden- Württemberg, Germany. More specifically, we want to study how increasing biomass stocks are related to tree species diversity, structural diversity, stand density, tree size and harvesting intensity.

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